One of the key findings of the CR social impact action research assessment: “Community Radio Social Impact Assessment - Removing Barriers, Increasing Effectiveness”, was the recognition that community radio could be at the centre of a communication process that can articulate community social, political and economic actors to engage in social change through inclusiveness, democracy building and human sustainable development.
Communication for development gets its interactive potential reinforced through community radio. Community Radio facilitates access to the media, thus to public discourse and not only to the right to be informed but also to be heard. In this perspective, community radio engenders a virtuous cycle leading to good governance and confrontation of development challenges, including, among others, health, water and sanitation, climate change, conflict resolution.
The principal barrier to community radio as a pivotal centre of communication processes come from lack of recognition of the social importance of community radio in the legislation; a situation that hinders community radio sustainability as they do not count with enough human, financial and technical resources. There is also the challenge of having content that is relevant to the communities and that has enough quality to develop sustained interest from listeners. Furthermore, and in order to survive, practitioners distract themselves from CR mission to ensure economic survival, thus loosing key elements of participation of the community in the media.
A first key element to consider in content development is then, the intrinsic difficulties of the development of the participatory objective of community radio, frequently hindered by organisational crystallisation of management practices, resulting in relative closure of the community radio to the community.
A second challenge relates to giving access of the excluded and marginalized to the media to speak and produce relevant content. Relevant content, based in local knowledge, culture and languages has been recognised as a key breakthrough of the community radio project. The impact of the message suffers when it is expressed in poor quality programming, on insufficient use of appropriate radio techniques and formats to convey a message; particularly when it tries iteration or copy of other types of media. Training and knowledge sharing for content development is a Community radio challenge due to high turnover of voluntaries and journalists. It has to be reinforced as part of the organization culture of the CR.
A third challenge for content development is to put community radio at the centre of the community actor's process of communication and the social change dynamics, expressed by individual but also by civil society organisations and institutions. Community radio mission is to be the centre of a communication process allowing not only for people to be informed but also to be heard. This process could be natural where social movements are strong and community radio is open to the CSOs. For good governance and inclusive human development there is need for reinforcement where civil society is weak or disorganised and Community Radio has proven to have a catalysing effect in the structuring of citizens and social organizations.
In order to support CR to fulfil its mission there is need to reinforce debate in the community radio network, on the need for a model for content development that is grounded in the reinforcement of local capacity through training and knowledge exchange and the development of a specific institutional development that not only considers journalists but community radio itself, as a space for a communication project open to the community and at the juncture of media, NGOs, individuals and institutions.
Secretary General of AMARC
The World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters activities in 2008 were marked by the celebration of the 25th Anniversary of AMARC.
AMARC members and Community Radio Stakeholders organized activities to celebrate, reflect on lessons learned and on how to strengthen the social impact of Community radio to combat poverty, exclusion and voiceslessness and to promote social justice and sustainable, democratic and participatory human development.
The International Conference in Bogotá was the first of a series of activities highlighting the 25th anniversary of AMARC, held in all AMARC regions of its global network during 2008.
To know more about AMARC 25th Anniversary, see the Website at http://www.amarc.org or contact email@example.com
Dozens of Community Radio
practitioners and stakeholders from the
They also called to the reinforcement of the political role of women in democratization and good governance through community radio. The participants committed [image] themselves to reinforce the links between Community Radios and social movements and NGOs in order to create conditions for inclusiveness, peaceful resolution of conflicts, solidarity among peoples, the protection of the environment and social justice.
Conference: “25th Anniversary of AMARC: Community Radios for a Better World”
was held in
The International Conference was a moment for celebration, reflection and reinforcement of the global sector of community radio broadcasting sector. The participants assessed the worldwide impact of community radio and particularly in Latin America & the Caribbean, with the purpose of finding effective ways to increase the social impact of CR in the region and share with other regions the rich Latin American experience where CR were first born.
The World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC) 25th Anniversary activities in African soil August 11-15, were the occasion to reflect on community radio achievements, for knowledge sharing and planning activities to increase its social impact in achieving development and democratic goals.
AMARC used the occasion of the OURMEDIA 7 Conference to bringing together 50 community radio practitioners from Africa, Asia and Latin America to debate with partners and stakeholders from all over the world on how to increase the effectiveness of AMARC interventions world-wide and particularly in Africa.
The key workshops held were: on women empowerment and good governance through community radio (the book resulting from the action-research process was launched at the OM7 Conference. There were also workshops on the challenges of the transition to digital radio; a workshop on assessing community radio social impact and a workshop on the principles for a democratic legislation for community radio.
The Ghana workshop “What Vision for a Community Radio Network in Africa: Rebuilding AMARC Africa network” was in continuity with the AMARC Africa Mena conference held in Rabat in October 2007 and in preparation of the AMARC 4th Pan-African Conference to be held in April 2009.
See more at http://www.amarc.org/EN/25_anniversary_Ghana
AMARC celebrated 25th Anniversary in Asia Pacific with Training for Trainers workshop in Indonesia
The Asia Pacific
section of the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters, (AMARC
Asia-Pacific) celebrated the 25th Anniversary of AMARC by holding two training
for Trainers’ workshops, on the role of community radio in poverty alleviation
and disaster management in
The capacity building
activities were launched with the broadcast of radio programmes on the Internet
and by participating community radios, on issues related to climate change and
food security in the framework of the AMARC international coverage of the World
Food Day on
The workshops, were
organised in collaboration with Jaringan Radio Komunitas Indonesia (JRKI),
Combine Resources Institution (COMBINE,
The Training for Trainers on the role of community radio (CR) in poverty alleviation were held the 17th and 18th of October and covered issues and topics ranging from «Working with Community Members for Identifying Key Developmental Priorities» to «Enabling CRs to Address MDGs in their Programming», from «Engaging with Women and Marginalised Communities» to «Learning from Successful Example in Communities», from «Decoding Policies for Programming » to «Creating Effective Linkages Beyond Communities».
The Training for Trainers on the role of community radio in disaster management were held on October 19-20. They addressed issues ranging from «Safeguarding Radio Stations at times of Natural Disaste» to «Fast Resurrection of the station to support Immediate Relief to the Community», from «the role of Community Radios in reconstruction and rehabilitation» to «Gender Sensitising Community Radios».
'''Empowerment and Development through Community Radio 7 november 2008 21st Century Key Communication Challenges at the heart of the 25th Anniversary of AMARC Celebration'''
Dozens of community radio
practitioners and stakeholders met in
The participants honoured Michel Delorme, first president of AMARC and Evelyne Foy, first Secretary General, as representatives of thousands of community radio broadcasters that have contributed to AMARC successfully accompanying the development of a global sector of community radio during the last 25 years. The participants also debated the Montreal Declaration adding new points to include the changes in world context since the creation of AMARC, including the appearance of new technologies, media concentration, and globalisation. The participants also decided to start a community media research network. The final version of the Montreal Declaration will be published shortly.
The participants interacted on the presentations, among others of Melissa Cabana of Oxfam Quebec, of Frank LaRue, UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression; Ian Pringley of the Commonwealth of Learning, on the relation between communication and human development, communication rights and on the promotion of social justice and human rights. The closing session of the Symposium was opened to all and Amy Goodman from Democracy Now was the key note speaker. The presentations are available at http://www.amarc.org/montreal.
In August 1983,
community radio broadcasters and community media advocates gathered here in
Today, 25 years on, we are here again in Montreal, representing a global movement of radio producers, communication rights activists, academics, researchers, NGO practitioners, women and men working together to create a more just and humane world through communications and specifically through community radio.
The world has changed in 25 years, and not always for the better. New information and communication technologies have helped the development of community radio but we face the challenge of building a human rights based information society.
The expansion of transnational corporate media conglomerates and the concentration of ownership threatens pluralism and diversity of media contents. New challenges such as the environment and climate change accompany social exclusion, poverty, food insecurity, access to clean water and democracy building. The world is confronted with a global financial crisis and a crisis of the neoliberal globalization that will increase social inequalities and the distance between the rich and the poor.
We are here not only to celebrate what we have achieved in the last 25 years but to deliberate and reflect on our political strategies for the future. Radio remains extremely crucial and important in the world today. AMARC has grown to a network of thousands of community radios representing a distinct and dynamic community radio sector advocating for communication rights in more than 118 countries and facing the new challenges of the 21st century. Nonetheless, the absence of legal recognition by governments in many parts of the world and sustainability issues still hinder community radio’s potential contribution.
One role for AMARC will definitely remain: AMARC will continue to be a space where people - women and men, young and old, with different needs and abilities, from different political persuasions, religions, sexual orientation, social class, castes and ethnicity - can articulate their views, listen to others and dialogue with each other. It will continue to be a gathering place, a venue for open debates on human rights, gender equality, peace, armed conflict, and a broad range of issues relevant to undeserved and underrepresented communities. Issues that otherwise will not find space in corporate and government-run media.
On our 25th anniversary, we reaffirm our commitment to reach out to more people around the world in local communities to encourage more diverse expressions to come together and promote ideals of freedom, democracy, equality, justice and peace.
We thank the city and
representatives and members of AMARC from
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT
the Amman Declaration, ratified by participant community radio broadcasters members of AMARC during its 9th General
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the Joint Declaration on Diversity in Broadcasting adopted on 12 December 2007 by the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, the OAS Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and the ACHPR (African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information.
That the principles
set out in AMARC’s Principles on Democratic Regulation in Community
· States should ensure respect for their international obligations in the area of freedom of expression, including in relation to community media.
· Community broadcasting should be recognized in national laws and policies as having distinct characteristics, and community broadcasters should be guaranteed fair and equitable access to the radio frequency spectrum and other broadcast distribution platforms, including digital platforms.
· Procedures for allocating licences and frequencies to community broadcasters should be fair, open and transparent, and the implementation of these rocedures should be overseen by an independent regulatory body.
· Community broadcasters should have access to a diversity of funding sources free of unreasonable restrictions. This may include public funds which are administered in a manner that does not compromise their independence.
· States should take adequate measures to end the climate of impunity, and such measures should include devoting sufficient resources and attention to preventing attacks of governments and others on journalists, community radio stations and independent media and newspapers exercising their right to freedom of expression, investigating such attacks when they do occur, bringing those responsible to justice and compensating victims.
· States should take appropriate steps to ensure that community radio and television broadcasters have access to digital and all new technologies to assist them in their work. States should also take the steps needed to ensure reasonable and equitable access by community broadcasters to satellite radio. Community Broadcasters We commit ourselves to challenge the dominant negative and stereotypical images of women in the media. We reaffirm our commitment that women’s access to and participation in decision-making in the media should be guaranteed at all levels and that producing programs that celebrate women’s diversity and highlight their contribution to society should be promoted.
We remain committed to addressing the specific needs of children and youth both in our programming and through promoting the participation of children and youth in the production of community broadcast programming.
We are committed to supporting the development of community radio in new countries and to developing solidarity and lobbying for further international and national recognition of community radio’s social contribution where it is in jeopardy.
We are committed to enhancing the role of community radio in achieving the millenium development goals, conflict resolution, peace building, poverty alleviation and confronting disaster management, climate change and environment deterioration by reinforcing the links and coordination between community radios and NGOs, researchers, civil society movements and stakeholders.
We stress the critical importance of community radio in empowering local communities through education, learning knowledge exchange and building capacities in communities.
We stress the role of
community radio as a producer of culture, in strengthening cultural rights and,
in particular, the rights of linguistic and cultural minorities. We recognize
that community radio plays an important role in helping particularly to
communicate and in protecting francophone culture in
We conclude this event by reaffirming our commitment to realize our demands in this Declaration and we pledge to continue our work for the promotion and protection of people’s communication rights and all rights embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In the frame of AMARC
25th anniversary, community radio representatives and stakeholders from 26
European States, participated in the Pan European Conference of the World
Association of Community Radio Broadcasters, held in
The Conference was part of the reinforcement process of AMARC Europe and was organized with the support of the Center for Independent Journalism of Bucarest. For further information on the conference, visit: http://www.amarc.org/conference_europe/index.html
analysed the situation of community radios in
In their General Assembly, the member radios proposed orientations for the plan of action of AMARC Europe. Among others, an on line portal for radio program exchange; the reinforcement of the women network and to increase the activities for intercultural exchange among the radios.
The active members also elected the
new board of directors of AMARC Europe and composed by Mariano Sanchez,
president, Agus Hernan, treasurer. By Nino Jakhua and Lucia
Ruiz, as representatives of the women network in Eastern and
AMARC-Europe is the
European regional section of AMARC grouping together radios and their national
federations from European countries. The principal activities of AMARC-Europe
are policy, research and advocacy; training and exchange of personnel;
programme exchange and co-productions; solidarity and co-operation between
East, Central and
For further information visit http://europe.amarc.org
The AMARC Women’s International Network is a large assembly of women communicators working to ensure women’s right to communicate through and within the community radio movement.
To find out about other WIN programs and actions visit http://www.win.amarc.org
From November 25 to December 10th, the Women’s International Network of the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC-WIN) actively participated in the 16 days of activism against gender violence with an Internet campaign to denounce gender violence in the media and transform media into a catalyst to end violence against women.
The audio documents and other information is available on http://www.amarc.org/16jours The 2008 international theme of the campaign was « Media and Violence Against Women ». The campaign denounced gender violence in the media covered three dimensions: (a) Media as an instrument in combating violence against women. (b) Violence against women as projected in the media which “normalizes” violence; (c) violence committed against women media practitioners. The 16 days campaign started on November 25th with the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women; it continued on November 29th with the International Women’s Human Rights Defenders Day; followed by December 1: World AIDS Day; December 6: Commemoration day of the Montreal (Canada) Massacre in 1989 and ended with the commemoration of sixty years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10th for the International Human rights Day.
producers from Asia-Pacific,
The programs featured include documentaries, interviews, debates, poetry, music and much more. This multilingual broadcast campaign mobilizes community radios around a global issue and encourages them to use new communication technologies such as the Internet to extend the reach of their voices.
In the AMARC 9 World Conference, lack of legal recognition for Community Radio was considered the single most important barrier to the development of Community Radio as the third Tier of Communication.
The principal thematic
areas of work of the Legislation and Communication Rights program of AMARC LAC
are to accompany, to council and lobby for draft legislation. The countries
with high levels of activity are
The World Association
of Community Radio broadcasters (AMARC) held a round table meeting on “Ensuring
Sustainable Growth of Community Radio in
Removing barriers, Increasing Effectiveness” in
The Round Table
meeting is part of AMARC’s continuous support to the growth of the community
radio sector in the
The issues addressed
in the Dhaka Round table range from ‘reviewing of community radio policy of
Bangladesh’ to ‘the role of community radio in facilitating economic
development and poverty alleviation’; from ‘gender equity and women’s rights in
the context of community radio’ to ‘impact assessment of community radio’. It
also look at developing a general plan of action plan
for supporting the community radio sector of
AMARC saluted the Uruguayan government decision to establish new allocation mechanisms to community broadcasting make procedures more transparent and to reserve a third of the spectrum to community radio and TV.
The decree N°374, from August 4, came in addition to the Legislation on community broadcasting adopted in December 2007, did establish procedures in agreement with interamerican human rights standards.
For more information visit: http://legislaciones.item.org.uy/index?q=node/745
community radio from 8 sub-district in Nanggroe Aceh
Before, they formed organisation in every sub-district, for example in Pidie, there are Pidie Community Radio Forum (FRKP2J), in Bireun, there are Bireun Community Radio Organization (IRKB), etc. Ambral said that this organisation that unite all of the community radio in Aceh will still survive and struggle as community media which based on grass root, especially how the community media can be a media for social movement.
The role of community radio in Aceh is not just entertaining people, but become a media-watch to monitoring the aids after tsunami disaster. Par Ade Tanesia
The third edition of
Americas Social Forum will happen in
The worldwide community radio
network of the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters, AMARC covered
this year World Food Day, on
AMARC also covered the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) activities for the World Food Day as part of the recently signed worldwide partnership agreement between the two organisations, for a strategic alliance to reinforce their collaboration in the field of rural radio, in order to contribute to rural development and natural resources. The radio programmes were broadcast through local community radio stations and live-streamed on the amarc World Food Day and are available at : http://www.amarc.org/EN/World_Food_Day_2008
The World Food Day was the occasion to highlight the struggle for poverty reduction and food security in the context of the new challenges created by climate change, bioenergy developments and rise of prices of basic staples. It was in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 that it was first recognized the right to food as a human right.
It was then incorporated in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Article 11) adopted in 1966 and ratified by 156 states, which are today legally bound by its provisions. The General Comment 12 of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1999) and the the Right to Food Guidelines adopted by the FAO Council in 2004 further clarified and provided practical recommendations on concrete steps for the implementation of the right to food.
The World Food Day broadcast campaign gathered together community radios from five continents on the common struggle against poverty and for food security in the context of the rise of the prices of basic food staples and climate change. It also motivated community radios to use new technologies such as internet to further amplify the voices of the excluded and marginalised. To listen to audio programmes and archives in English, French Spanish and other languages produced by community radio members form all regions of AMARC go to: http://www.amarc.org/EN/World_Food_Day_2008
The 2009 World Social Forum, is due
to take place in
AMARC will actively participate in the WSF 2009. Please visit : http://www.amarc.org/EN/World_Social_Forum_2009_EN
AMARC Africa Board wishes to announce the fourth Pan-African Conference to be held in Côte d’Ivoire in April 2009 hosted by its member, the “Union des radios de proximité de la Côte d’Ivoire”.
Every four years AMARC
Africa organises a Pan-African conference for its members and community radio
stakeholders to discuss the challenges of community radio in
This is the second
time that the Pan-African conference will be held in
The World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC) has signed a new partnership agreement with Inter Press Service (IPS). AMARC and IPS share common values related to freedom of expression, media diversity and communication for development. The global agreement foresees strengthened co-operation in terms of expertise, content and distribution.
IPS is the world’s
leading news agency on issues such as development, environment, human rights
and civil society. Marcelo Solervicens, AMARC Secretary General and Mario
Lubetkin, IPS Director General signed the partnership on the occasion of the
AMARC Europe Conference in
AMARC and IPS are
already working together on different local initiatives. AMARC-Pulsar works
with IPS Latin
The International Board of Directors
of AMARC is pleased to announce that
The decision of
AMARC 10 will be a weeklong event in the second half of 2010. It is expected to bring together more than 400 community broadcasters and stakeholders from over 110 countries and all regions of the world.
Please visit the new section of publications and written resources such as articles, manuals and others on community broadcasting issues at the AMARC Website http://www.amarc.org
Using the wiki platform you can also add new documents or send them to the International secretariat at firstname.lastname@example.org
The World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters, AMARC, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, SDC and the Division for Communication Development of UNESCO, in collaboration with the Communication for Social Change Consortium, CFSC, are launching the publication “Fighting Poverty: Utilizing Community Media in a Digital Age”.
The publication contains articles, audio and video documents by practitioners, decision makers and scholars inviting to reflect on concrete examples on ICT for development and particularly the role of community media.
For downloading, for comments and to order hard copies visit: http://www.amarc.org/wccd/
The Women International Network of the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters, AMARC-WIN, launched in Accra, Ghana, the publication “Women’s empowerment and good Governance Through Community Radio” as part of the 25th anniversary activities in African soil.
The publication was
the result of a two year action-research permitting knowledge exchange on
women’s empowerment and good governance through community radio in
For downloading the book, visit : http://www.amarc.org/wggtcr/
Flor Maria Balbin, Administrative Assistant
Dominique Legendre, Accountant and financial assistant to projects
Marcelo Solervicens, Secretary General
Ricardo Costa, Project Consultant
Armando Navarrete, Project Consultant
Nick Fillmore, Project development Consultant
Jean Philippe Theberge, ICT Consultant
For more information on how to proceed, please contact your regional office or at the international secretariat, email@example.com
Through service to
members, networking and project implementation, the World Association of
Community Radio Broadcasters AMARC, brings together a network of more than
4,000 community radios, Federations and community media stakeholders in more
than 115 countries. The main global impact of AMARC since its creation in 1983
has been to accompany and support the establishment of a world wide community
radio sector that has democratized the media sector. AMARC advocates for the
right to communicate at the international, national, local and neighbourhood
levels and defends and promotes the interests of the community radio movement
through solidarity, networking and Cooperation. For further information
© 2008 AMARC